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The part played by Martin Luther in the 16th century that led to the Reformation was outlined by the Rev Dr Adam Hood, Minister of St Andrew's Wallace Green Church.
He told Berwick Probus Club earlier this month that October marks the 500th anniversary of Luther’s writing of his 95 Theses, which ultimately led to what became a huge event in the history of Europe.
He said that in many ways we had still not gone far from it.
In some ways the whole fabric of Christendom had been ripped apart.
The Theses were put forward by Luther as points for discussion at a time when people worried about going to heaven, hell or purgatory.
Death in those days was imminent and people wanted to know where they were going.
They had much to do with Luther’s own life when people paid indulgences.
Luther became a monk and joined the Augustine Hermits, known for living a rigorous life.
He tried to do ‘what lay at hand’ and worried constantly that he might not be doing enough.
He struggled with spiritual crises at a time when people all over Europe were demanding change.
From this the Reformation came, with economic, technical and social change, and humanism flourished.
There was a strong need for the Bible.
Luther, who died in 1546, became the leader of the Protestant faith.